vein disease occurs when when valves fail

Vein disease (and arterial disease) can be extremely diverse and complex. Every patient shows symptoms of vein disease differently, and indeed, many people can have more than one condition. Vein disease can lead to complications such as spider veins, reticular veins, varicose veins, or blood clots (deep vein thrombosis) which are all conditions we treat.

Essentially, vein disease affects the ability of the body to circulate blood effectively. It happens when valves in the veins become weakened or fail. The venous system then has trouble preventing blood from pooling or flowing backwards as the body tries to pump blood against gravity and back to the heart. When this happens, it is considered vein disease or venous insufficiency.

At the San Francisco Vein Center, we take the time to do a thorough history and physical exam. We look closely for the entire spectrum of vein conditions and arterial conditions. In this way, we are able to carefully formulate a treatment plan individualized to each patient. Patient comfort and convenience is important to us and we diagnose and treat most vein conditions in the office including the following:

Spider veins

Spider veins, known medically as telangectasias, are often very early indications that venous disease is present. These small veins near the surface of the skin, when affected by underlying vein disease, can be blue, purple or red, and in various patterns including linear, starburst, or tree-like distribution. Learn more about spider veins and their treatment.

Reticular veins

Reticular veins, also known as feeder veins, are larger than spider veins and appear blue or green just under the skin. The veins are enlarged due to pressure, usually from venous insufficiency. They are generally hereditary and can be painful. Learn more about reticular veins and their treatment.

Varicose veins

Varicose veins appear swollen and twisted from increased pressure and usually appear like protruding ropes underneath the skin. Varicose veins are usually warm to the touch and can produce throbbing pain. The symptoms are normally more severe at the end of the day or after prolonged standing or sitting. Varicose veins don't improve, and usually worsen without treatment. Learn more about varicose veins and their treatment.

Leg ulcers

Venous leg ulcers are the most severe form of vein disease. These ulcers most often form the middle part above the ankle. The reason venous ulcers tend to form at this location is because it is where there is the highest venous pressure. Not only is reduction of the venous hypertension critical, but also even with proper wound treatment, leg ulcers may linger for months and will reoccur if not treated. Learn more about leg ulcers and their treatment.

Blood clots (deep vein thrombosis)

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is when a clot (thrombosis) develops in the deep veins of the leg. People susceptible to DVT are those who have been sedentary. Deep vein thrombosis is dangerous because a clot can break off from its location and travel through veins to other parts of the body causing serious, and sometimes fatal, damage to the heart or lungs. Learn more about DVT, its prevention, and its treatment.

Arterial conditions

Veins return blood to the heart while arteries pump blood away. Qualified vascular surgeons like Dr. Melinda Aquino can help patients to resolve issues with both veins and arteries. Most often, vein disease is a visible condition and thus patients recognize a need for treatment. Arterial disease can manifest in a diverse range of conditions that cannot be diagnosed from a visual exam. Conditions such as aneurysms, strokes, and peripheral artery disease should be taken seriously and require a specialist for diagnosis and treatment. Learn more about arterial conditions and their treatment.